Article 6419

Title of the article

AGRICULTURE AND THE PEASANTRY OF THE ALTAI KRAI DURING THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR IN THE WORKS OF SOVIET AND MODERN RUSSIAN RESEARCHES 

Authors

Kondrashin Viktor Viktorovich, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of sub-department of Russian history and history teaching methods, Penza State University (40, Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia); principal researcher, Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences (19, Dmitriya Ulyanova street, Moscow, Russia), E-mail: vikont37@yandex.ru
Serazetdinov Boris Urazbekovich, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, leading researcher, Institute of Russian history of Russian Academy of Sciences (19, Dmitriya Ulyanova street, Moscow, Russia), E-mail: sbu54@bk.ru 

Index UDK

93/99 (093.32) 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2019-4-6 

Abstract

Background. The approach of the 75th anniversary of the Great Victory makes it relevant to analyze the achievements and problems in the study of various aspects of this topic by Russian researchers. The most important of these is the historiographic tradition of understanding the key problems of the history of the Soviet countryside and the country’s agriculture during the Great Patriotic War at the regional level. Therefore, the focus of the article is the analysis of the historiography of this problem on the materials of the Altai Territory. It characterizes the most important publications on the situation of the village and the state of agriculture of this region during the Great Patriotic War, shows the contribution of its agricultural sector to the Victory (providing the Red Army and Navy, as well as industrial centers and cities of the country with food and raw materials). The relevance of the problem under consideration is also determined by the lack of a comprehensive analysis of accumulated knowledge about the state of agriculture during the Great Patriotic War in the domestic and foreign historiography on the example of individual regions of the country, including the Altai Territory. The purpose of the article is an attempt to systematize and evaluate studies of the depth of understanding the history of the Altai village and the agricultural sector of the region’s economy during the war years in the works of Soviet and modern Russian historians.
Materials and methods. The implementation of the tasks was achieved through a systematic analysis of the entire complex of historical studies on the topic under study (articles, monographs, collections of documents, etc.).
Results. The analysis of the main publications on the history of the village and agriculture of the Altai Territory during the Great Patriotic War by Soviet and modern Russian researchers.
Conclusions. Despite the undoubted achievements of domestic historiography in studying the problem at the regional level, it should be noted that there are currently no comprehensive works of a general nature on the state of agriculture in the Altai Territory and the life of the Altai village during the Great Patriotic War. They also need further study of the problems associated with the characterization of the food situation of the rural population of the region during the war years, the motivation of labor activity of collective farmers in this period, and methods of managing the agrarian economy by party bodies. The question of the level of efficiency of collective farm production during the war years from the point of view of production indicators remains open. 

Key words

Siberian village, The Great Patriotic War, Altai Krai, rural society, historiography 

 

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References

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Дата создания: 24.04.2020 09:35
Дата обновления: 24.04.2020 12:16